Regional disparities reflect the uneven development of regions. Both demographic and socio-economic processes are of different intensity and have specific manifestations in different administrative-territorial units of the country. The analysis of these processes at different territorial levels is much more effective for the purposes of regional development policies and for the fencing of deepening economic and social inequalities.
The interrelation between the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the population, the educational infrastructure of a given territorial unit on the one hand, and its economic specialization on the other, are some of the most important factors of regional differences in the labor market. Their analytical assessment is a necessary basis for the elaboration of regional development policies.
In a context of deepening territorial imbalances in the country, significant regional and local differences in the demographic and socio-economic environment and in the state of local labour markets are emerging. On the one hand, these disparities are observed between different territorial units of the same rank and, on the other, between urban and rural areas.