Dr. Ekaterina Todorova, Assoc. Prof.
New Bulgarian University
Abstract. This article presents a part of the work of the developmental project for literacy acquisition (reading and writing) for children with severe physical disabilities. These children are characterized by very difficult or impossible language performance by spoken language. This is the reason often to defined them such as uneducated children with intellectual disabilities. At the same time, some children of them can be demonstrate average degree of intelligence and potential for language competence acquisition and acquisition for language performance by written language. The purpose of this program is to developed literacy with gaze-controlled software. Reading and writing skills will help to these children for their verbal communication with spoken language using text-to-speech software. The main purpose of the training program is to match the child potential with his or her ability for language performance. The focus of this article is on the theoretical models and on and structure of the reading and writing skills development exercises for these children.
Keywords: children with severe physical disabilities; basic literacy; language competence; language performance; reading; writing