Dr. Yanka Stoimenova, Assoc. Prof.,
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”
Abstract. The article discusses the methodological ideas in Bulgaria related to the basic educational activities in the different degrees of mathematical education. Emphasis is placed on the systematization of the educational activities in the initial training in mathematics, built on the basis of a variant of a complete system of basic learning activities in the mathematics lesson, proposed for the first time in the country by Prof. Ivan Ganchev. The ideas of Prof. Iliya Gyudzhenov, who deals with lectures and seminars on mathematics as systems of activities, are also covered. The similarities and differences in the group of basic activities between the different systems - in primary, secondary and higher education - were analyzed.
Keywords: basic educational activities; learning, teaching; systematization; lesson in mathematics; elementary school