Fateme Moradi, Lida Mousavi
Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre Rey Branch
Islamic Azad University (Iran)
Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University (Iran)
Abstract. Reflective thinking paradigm contains a set of trainings based on the pattern of mental tools and it helps its users to be able to present the educational materials in a framework that embraces the nature of thinking, various learning activities and the learning based on reflective, creative and critical forms of thinking. Reviewing of the related literature shows that most of the challenges are due to learning and learning-related factors. Accordingly, the present study examines the thinking level of senior postgraduate engineering students of Shahr-e-Rey University. For this purpose, the Reflective Thinking Questionnaire (RTQ) developed by Kember et al. (2000) was used. TOPSIS method was used to evaluate the thinking level of the subjects. The results showed that habitual action, which is one of the skills of reflective thinking, is ranked first and perception is ranked last, which means that the senior postgraduate engineering students learn superficially.
It is suggested to ask professors and teachers to hold classes that train reflective thinking skills, so that they can be a good and appropriate model of using reflective thinking skills for their students. So that students can improve their thinking levels and succeed in their math problems solving and these learners have good academic progress.
Keywords: critical thinking; reflective thinking; habitual action; understanding; reflection; critical reflection